Ethics and artificial intelligence.

• We cannot conceive talking about Artificial Intelligence (AI), without a clear legal and ethical framework that regulates it, based on principles for the responsible and reliable management of AI, in order to build solid foundations for digital and IT growth.

In a scenario that is increasingly sensitized to the impact of Artificial Intelligence and its potential scope in companies, everything is taking a course not planned a priori. Today we find a slope of digital solutions, where previously there were only spaces of simple data presented at random, without being used in their true magnitude.

However, the expectant world in the face of this abysmal turn, which has increased due to the pandemic, and with much rational criticism, has weighed this fact beyond just venerating it.

Although we still do not understand well how AI operates, to what extent it does so, what its limits are, or what kind of ethics governs it, the first nuances of margins and regulations that will do it are already beginning to be glimpsed. Colombia is one of those countries that delimited it within an ethical fence, in order to safeguard the rights of consumers and the union, in general.

Since April 28 of this year, our country is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), thus becoming the thirty-seventh country to be part of the Organization in its sixty-year history.

This entity, and its partner countries, adopted the “Recommendation of the Council on Artificial Intelligence”, which covers a series of guidelines and public policies on AI, which they seek to regulate autonomously, with the corresponding respect for human rights and democratic values. .

Thus, its member countries, such as France, the United Kingdom and Japan, among others, have expressed their positions for the impulses and regulations of all public and private activities related to AI systems.

All of this ensures that these new intelligent information systems are designed to be robust, secure, fair and reliable. This, as a result of the working group made up of more than fifty international experts representing governments, academic institutions, companies, civil society, unions, international organizations and the technology community.

The principles of the OECD regarding AI, include firstly that it should benefit societies, promoting inclusive growth, sustainable development and common welfare.

Secondly, it highlights that these systems must be designed in such a way that the rule of law, human rights, democratic values ​​and diversity are respected. Likewise, they must include appropriate protections, to allow human intervention when necessary, and thus guarantee a just and equitable society.

Third; Full transparency and responsible disclosure around AI systems should be enjoyed to ensure that people weigh the results of AI and can be answered and challenged.

Fourth, it should be noted that all AI systems have an implicit obligation to be executed vigorously and safely, as well as their potential risks, they must be evaluated and managed cyclically.

Finally, all organizations and individuals, who develop, get involved and execute AI systems, must have the supreme responsibility for their correct operation.

Thus, the OECD invites governments to facilitate public and private investment in research and development, with the ultimate aim of stimulating AI innovation, in a safe and reliable way.

At the same time, AI spaces should be encouraged with adequate infrastructures, digital technologies and mechanisms that lead to the exchange of data and knowledge.

Also, a credible policy space must be safeguarded to guide the deployment of reliable AI systems, and those workers trained in AI systems, in order to guide them to gradual change.

Likewise, countries must cooperate with each other, and advance public policies that give way to the digital transformation that leads to an unexpected and sudden fourth industrial revolution.

Thus, Colombia has entered into a preliminary preparation of a public policy document, in which the first nuances of the impulse, start-up and implementation of AI systems are traced.

Therefore, gradually over the next decade, we will be faced with a hundred changes and challenges in the field of AI, and the interventions, both legal and regulatory, will be in direct proportion to its growth.

In this line, will remain committed to the correct functioning of all the edges that AI has intrinsic, governed by the canons that are dictated nationally and internationally.

Committed one hundred percent to the human intellect, more than with any other tool, and aware of the challenges and changes that an era as important as the one we are living brings with it, we will walk ahead of all dictated margins, without losing the true north that guides us; achieve a society that is empathetic, fair and free from financial cannibalism.


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