Only 1,8% of colombian companies use Artificial Intelligence

• Although in developed countries the percentage of immersion in new technologies is higher and has more impact, in emerging countries the field of growth and the possibilities of progressing towards them, surprises by enhancing human work.

There are two main reasons that explain the sustained increase in the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in recent years, penetrating in a predominant way in the world economy. The first is attributed to its versatility, being capable of being used by any type of industry. The second is understood thanks to the fact that it has the ability to lead the population to new and unexpected goals of knowledge and progress.

With these premises, and in order to demonstrate the X-ray of the potential of new technologies, the Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications (MinTIC), together with the Bogotá Chamber of Commerce, carried out a "Study of Digitization ”carried out by the Digital Economy Observatory.

At the same time, and in contrast to the scarce 1.8% of the industry that is immersed in the field of AI, various international investigations have shown that companies that enter into the use of AI can save up to 25% annually in operating costs ”, according to figures from TigoUne.

In addition, it was reflected that the sectors that most use advanced technology are among public services, textiles, chemical and pharmaceutical products, construction, metallurgical products, information and communications. However, with this low percentage, Colombia has a great challenge ahead, especially after this first year of the pandemic.

In fact, AI is positioning itself with great reach and certainty, as a real way out on the road to economic recovery, to avoid the drastic losses of the entire industry after the first lockdowns.

There are countries that were better prepared for this pandemic scenario, economically speaking, since the impact of AI was mostly embedded in their societies, and they already had a longer and more confident history of using new technologies. 

To have a perspective on the impact of AI in the rest of the world, we can see that, for example, in North America, in terms of advances in research on artificial intelligence and to measure its scope only at an academic level, AI stands out as the most popular specialization among doctorates in computer science, having doubled its enrollment. 

This study, which was published by the “Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence Institute”, at Stanford University, shows that in 2018 alone, 21% of these doctorates specialized in AI and Machine Learning. 

Also, investment in AI-related start-ups was 1,300 million dollars in 2010. In 2018 the figure became 40,400 million, and in 2019 70,000 million dollars. 

On the other hand, according to a study carried out by IPlytics, which shows which were the countries in the world with the highest number of intelligence patents in 2019, the United States was the country with the highest index, surpassing the barrier of 279,000. This was followed by China, although with less than 70,000 patents, exceeding the limit of 279,000. 

Thus, the path that we must follow as a country is nothing more than adhering to this great trend that guides us by leaps and bounds to the famous Fourth Industrial Revolution, understanding that it is, possibly, the only ally we have to make way for a gradual and sustained progress. 

The road is still uphill and there is a lack of initiatives to join those that already exist, in order to train the largest number of employees to enter this field, not in order to be replaced, but on the contrary, empowered.

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